MyBatis学习笔记

MyBatis

ORMapping:Object Relationship Mapping 对象关系映射

对象指面向对象

关系指关系型数据库

Java到MySQL的映射,开发者可以以面向对象的思想来管理数据库

如何使用

  • 新建Maven工程,pom.xml
 <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
            <version>3.4.5</version>
        </dependency>
        
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>8.0.11</version>
        </dependency>
        
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <version>1.18.6</version>
            <scope>provided</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
    
    <build>
    
        <resources>
            <resource>
                <directory>src/main/java</directory>
                <includes>
                    <include>**/*.xml</include>
                </includes>
            </resource>
        </resources>
        
    </build>
  • 新建数据表
use mybatis;
create table t_account(
id int primary key auto_increment,
username varchar(11),
password varchar(11),
age int 
)
  • 新建数据表对应的实体类Account
package com.janeroad.entity;
import lombok.Data;

@Data
public class Account {
    private long id;
    private String username;
    private String password;
    private int age;
}
  • 创建MyBatis的配置文件config.xml,文件名可自定义
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> 
<!DOCTYPE configuration PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN" 
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd"> 
<configuration>   
    <!--配置MyBatis运行环境 -->   
    <environments default="development">     
        <environment id="development">     
            <!-- 配置JDBC事务管理 -->          
            <transactionManager type="JDBC"></transactionManager>   
            <!-- POOLED配置JDBC数据源连接池 -->          
            <dataSource type="POOLED">             
                <property name="driver" value="com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver"> 
                </property>               
                <property name="url" 
                          value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/mybatis? 
                          useUnicode=true&amp;characterEncoding=UTF-8">
                    
                </property>             
                <property name="username" value="root"></property>      
                <property name="password" value="root"></property>     
            </dataSource>    
        </environment>   
    </environments> 
</configuration>

使用原生接口

1、MyBatis框架需要开发者自定义SQL语句,写在Mapper.xml文件中,实际开发中,会为每个实体类创建对应的Mapper.xml,定义管理该对象数据的SQL

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="com.janeroad.mapper.AccoutMapper">
    <insert id="save" parameterType="com.janeroad.entity.Account">
      insert into t_account(username,password,age) values(#{username},# {password},#{age})
     </insert>

</mapper>
  • namespace通常设置为文件所在包+文件名的形式

  • insert标签表示执行添加操作

  • select标签表示执行查询操作

  • update标签表示执行更新操作

  • delete标签表示执行删除操作

  • id是实际调用MyBatis方法时需要用到的参数

  • parameterType是调用对应方法时参数的数据类型

2、全局配置文件config.xml中加入 注册AccountMapper.xml

 <!--注册AccountMapper.xml -->
    <mappers>
        <mapper resource="com/southwind/mapper/AccountMapper.xml"></mapper>
    </mappers>

3、调用MyBatis的原生接口执行添加操作

public class Test {
     public static void main(String[] args) {
         //加在MyBatis配置文件
         InputStream inputStream = Test.class.getClassLoader().getResourceAsStream("config.xml");
         SqlSessionFactoryBuilder sqlSessionFactoryBuilder = new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder();
         SqlSessionFactory sqlSessionFactory = sqlSessionFactoryBuilder.build(inputStream);
         SqlSession sqlSession = sqlSessionFactory.openSession();
         String statement = "com.janeroad.mapper.AccoutMapper.save";
         Account account = new Account(1L,"张三","123123",22);
         sqlSession.insert(statement,account);
         sqlSession.commit();
     }
}

通过Mapper代理实现自定义接口

  • 自定义接口,定义相关业务方法
  • 编写与方法相对应的Mapper.xml

1、自定义接口

package com.janeroad.repository;

import com.janeroad.entity.Account;

import java.util.List;

public interface AccountRepository {
    public int save(Account account);
    public int update(Account account);
    public int deleteById(long id);
    public List<Account> findAll();
    public Account findById(long id);
    public Account findByName(String name);
    public Account findById2(Long id);
    public Account findByNameAndAge(String name,int age);
    public int count();
    public Integer count2();
    public String findNameByID(long id);
}

2、创建接口对应的Mapper.xml,定义接口方法对应的SQL语句

statement标签可根据SQL执行的业务选择insert、delete、update、select

MyBatis框架会根据规则自动创建接口实现类的代理对象

规则:

  • Mapper.xml中namespace为接口的全类名
  • Mapper.xml中statement的id为接口中对应的方法名
  • Mapper.xml中statement的parameterType和接口中对应方法的参数类型一致
  • Mapper.xml中statement的和接口中对应方法的返回值类型一致
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="com.janeroad.repository.AccountRepository">
    <insert id="save" parameterType="com.janeroad.entity.Account">
        insert into t_account(username,password,age) values(#{username},# {password},#{age})
    </insert>
    <update id="update" parameterType="com.janeroad.entity.Account">
    update t_account set username = #{username},password = #{password},
    age = #{age} where id = #{id}
    </update>
    <delete id="deleteById" parameterType="long">
        delete from t_account where id = #{id}
    </delete>
    <select id="findAll" resultType="com.janeroad.entity.Account">
    select * from t_account
    </select>
    <select id="findById" parameterType="long" resultType="com.janeroad.entity.Account">
    select * from t_account where id = #{id}
    </select>
</mapper>

3、在config.xml中注册AccountRepository.xml

<!--注册AccountMapper.xml -->
    <mappers>
        <mapper resource="com/janeroad/mapper/AccountMapper.xml"></mapper>
        <mapper resource="com/janeroad/repository/AccountRepository.xml"></mapper>
    </mappers>

4、调用接口的代理对象完成相关的业务操作

package com.janeroad.test;


import com.janeroad.repository.AccountRepository;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSession;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactory;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactoryBuilder;

import java.io.InputStream;

public class Test2 {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        InputStream inputStream = Test.class.getClassLoader().getResourceAsStream("config.xml");
        SqlSessionFactoryBuilder sqlSessionFactoryBuilder = new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder();
        SqlSessionFactory sqlSessionFactory = sqlSessionFactoryBuilder.build(inputStream);
        SqlSession sqlSession = sqlSessionFactory.openSession();
        //获取实现接口的代理对象
       AccountRepository accountRepository = sqlSession.getMapper(AccountRepository.class);
       //添加对象(增)
//      Account account = new Account(2,"李四","123123",23);
//      accountRepository.save(account)
//      sqlSession.commit();
       //查询全部对象(查)
// 		List<Account> list = accountRepository.findAll();
//      for (Account account:list){
//      System.out.println(account);
//     }
//     sqlSession.close();
       //通过id查询对象
//     Account account = accountRepository.findById(4L);
//     System.out.println(account);
//     sqlSession.close();
       //修改对象(改)
//        Account account = accountRepository.findById(4L);
//         account.setUsername("小明");
//          account.setPassword("000");
//           account.setAge(18);
//         int result = accountRepository.update(account);
//     sqlSession.commit();
//    System.out.println(result);
//     sqlSession.close();
        //通过ID删除对象(删)
    int result = accountRepository.deleteById(4L);
     System.out.println(result);
     sqlSession.commit();
     sqlSession.close();//关闭资源
    }
}

Mapper.xml

  • statement标签:select、update、insert分别对应查询、修改、删除、添加操作
  • parameterType:参数数据类型

1、基本数据类型,通过id查询Account

<select id="findById" parameterType="long" resultType="com.janeroad.entity.Account">
	select * from t_account where id = #{id}
</select>

2、String类型,通过name查询Account

<select id="findByName" parameterType="java.lang.String" resultType="com.janeroad.entity.Account">
	select * from t_account where username = #{username}
</select>

3、包装类,通过id查询Account

<select id="findById2" parameterType="java.lang.Long" resultType="com.janeroad.entity.Account">
	select * from t_account where id = #{id}
</select>

4、多个参数,通过name和age查询Account

<select id="findByNameAndAge" resultType="com.janeroad.entity.Account">
	select * from t_account where username = #{arg0} and age = #{arg1}
</select>

5、Java Bean

<update id="update" parameterType="com.janeroad.entity.Account">
    update t_account set username = #{username},password = #{password},
    age = #{age} where id = #{id}
</update>
  • resultType:结果类型

1、基本数据类型,统计Account总数

<select id="count" resultType="int">
	select count(id) from t_account
</select>

2、包装类,统计Account总数

<select id="count2" resultType="java.lang.Integer">
	select count(id) from t_account
</select>

3、String类型,通过id查询Account的name

<select id="findNameByID" resultType="java.lang.String">
	select username from t_account where id = #{id}
</select>

4、Java Bean

<select id="findById" parameterType="long" resultType="com.janeroad.entity.Account">
	select * from t_account where id = #{id}
</select>

级联查询

  • 一对多

Student

package com.janeroad.entity;

import lombok.Data;

@Data
public class Student {
    private long id;
    private String name;
    private Classes classes;
}

Classes

package com.janeroad.entity;

import lombok.Data;

import java.util.List;

@Data
public class Classes {
    private long id;
    private String name;
    private List<String> students;
}

StudentRepository

package com.janeroad.repository;


import com.janeroad.entity.Student;

public interface StudentRepository {
    public Student findById(long id);
}

StudentRepository.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="com.janeroad.repository.StudentRepository">

    <resultMap id="studentMap" type="com.janeroad.entity.Student">
        <id column="id" property="id"></id>
        <result column="name" property="name"></result>
        <association property="classes" javaType="com.janeroad.entity.Classes">
             <id column="cid" property="id"></id>
             <result column="cname" property="name"></result>
        </association>
    </resultMap>


<select id="findById" parameterType="long" resultMap="studentMap">
select s.id ,s.name ,c.id as cid,c.name as cname  from student s,classes c where s.id=#{id} and s.cid=c.id
</select>

</mapper>

ClassesRepository

package com.janeroad.repository;

import com.janeroad.entity.Classes;


public interface ClassesRepository {
    public Classes findById(long id);
}

ClassesRepository.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="com.janeroad.repository.ClassesRepository">

    <resultMap id="classesMap" type="com.janeroad.entity.Classes">
        <id column="cid" property="id"></id>
        <result column="cname" property="name"></result>
        <collection property="students" ofType="com.janeroad.entity.Student">
            <id column="id" property="id"/>
            <result column="name" property="name"/>
        </collection>
    </resultMap>


    <select id="findById" parameterType="long" resultMap="classesMap">
select s.id ,s.name ,c.id as cid,c.name as cname  from student s,classes c where c.id=#{id} and s.cid=c.id
</select>

</mapper>

  • 多对多

Customer

package com.janeroad.entity;

import lombok.Data;

import java.util.List;

@Data
public class Customer {
    private long id;
    private String name;
    private List<Goods> goods;
}

Goods

package com.janeroad.entity;

import lombok.Data;

import java.util.List;

@Data
public class Goods {
    private long id;
    private String name;
    private List<Customer> customers;
}

CustomerRepository

package com.janeroad.repository;


import com.janeroad.entity.Customer;

public interface CustomerRepository {
    public Customer findById(long id);
}

CustomerRepository.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="com.janeroad.repository.CustomerRepository">

    <resultMap id="customerMap" type="com.janeroad.entity.Customer">
        <id column="cid" property="id"></id>
        <result column="cname" property="name"></result>
        <collection property="goods" ofType="com.janeroad.entity.Goods">
            <id column="gid" property="id"/>
            <result column="gname" property="name"/>
        </collection>
    </resultMap>


    <select id="findById" parameterType="long" resultMap="customerMap">
select c.id cid ,c.name cname,g.id gid,g.name gname from customer c,goods g ,customer_goods cg
where c.id=#{id}
</select>

</mapper>

GoodsRepository

package com.janeroad.repository;


import com.janeroad.entity.Goods;

public interface GoodsRepository {
public Goods findById(long id);
}

GoodsRepository.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="com.janeroad.repository.GoodsRepository">

    <resultMap id="goodsMap" type="com.janeroad.entity.Goods">
        <id column="gid" property="id"></id>
        <result column="gname" property="name"></result>
        <collection property="customers" ofType="com.janeroad.entity.Customer">
            <id column="cid" property="id"/>
            <result column="cname" property="name"/>
        </collection>
    </resultMap>


    <select id="findById" parameterType="long" resultMap="goodsMap">
select c.id cid ,c.name cname,g.id gid,g.name gname from customer c,goods g ,customer_goods cg
where g.id=#{id}
and cg.cid=c.id
and cg.gid=g.id
</select>

</mapper>

逆向工程

MyBatis框架需要:实体类、自定义Mapper接口、Mapper.xml

传统的开发中上述的三个组件需要开发者手动创建,逆向工程可以帮助开发者来自动创建三个组件,减轻开发者的工作量,提高工作效率。

如何使用

MyBatis Generator ,简称MBG,是一个专门为MyBatis框架开发者定制的代码生成器,可自动生成MyBatis框架所需的实体类、Mapper接口、Mapper.xml,支持基本的CRUD操作,但是一些相对复杂的SQL需要开发者自己来完成。

  • 新建Maven工程,pom.xml
<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
        <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
        <version>3.4.5</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>mysql</groupId>
        <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
        <version>8.0.11</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.mybatis.generator</groupId>
        <artifactId>mybatis-generator-core</artifactId>
        <version>1.3.2</version>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>
  • 创建MBG配置文件generatorConfig.xml

1、jdbcConnection配置数据库连接信息

2、javaModelGenerator配置JavaBean的生成策略

3、sqlMapGenerator配置SQL映射文件生成策略

4、JavaClientGenerator配置Mapper接口的生成策略

5、table配置目标数据表(tableName:表名,domainObjectName:JavaBean类名)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE generatorConfiguration
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD MyBatis Generator Configuration 1.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-generator-config_1_0.dtd">
<generatorConfiguration>
    <context id="testTables" targetRuntime="MyBatis3">
        <jdbcConnection
        driverClass="com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver"
        connectionURL="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/mybatis? useUnicode=true&amp;characterEncoding=UTF-8"
        userId="root"
        password="123456"></jdbcConnection>
        <javaModelGenerator targetPackage="com.janeroad.entity"
                            targetProject="./src/main/java"></javaModelGenerator>
        <sqlMapGenerator targetPackage="com.janeroad.repository"
                         targetProject="./src/main/java"></sqlMapGenerator>
        <javaClientGenerator type="XMLMAPPER" targetPackage="com.janeroad.repository" targetProject="./src/main/java"></javaClientGenerator>
        <table tableName="t_user" domainObjectName="User"></table>
    </context>
</generatorConfiguration>
  • 创建Generator执行类
package com.janeroad.test;
import org.mybatis.generator.api.MyBatisGenerator;
import org.mybatis.generator.config.Configuration;
import org.mybatis.generator.config.xml.ConfigurationParser;
import org.mybatis.generator.exception.InvalidConfigurationException;
import org.mybatis.generator.exception.XMLParserException;
import org.mybatis.generator.internal.DefaultShellCallback;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class Main {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        List<String> warings = new ArrayList<String>();
        boolean overwrite = true;
        String genCig = "/generatorConfig.xml";
        File configFile = new File(Main.class.getResource(genCig).getFile());
        ConfigurationParser configurationParser = new ConfigurationParser(warings);
        Configuration configuration = null;
        try {
            configuration = configurationParser.parseConfiguration(configFile);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (XMLParserException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        DefaultShellCallback callback = new DefaultShellCallback(overwrite);
        MyBatisGenerator myBatisGenerator = null;
        try {
            myBatisGenerator = new MyBatisGenerator(configuration,callback,warings);
        } catch (InvalidConfigurationException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        try {
            myBatisGenerator.generate(null);
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

MyBatis延迟加载

  • 什么是延迟加载?

延迟加载也叫懒加载、惰性加载,使用延迟加载可以提高程序的运行效率,针对于数据持久层的操作,在某些特定的情况下去访问特定的数据库,在其他情况下可以不访问某些表,从一定程度上减少了Java应用与数据库的交互次数。

查询学生和班级的时候,学生和班级是两张不同的表,如果当前需求只需要获取学生的信息,那么查询学生单表即可,如果需要通过学生获取对应的班级信息,则必须查询两张表。

不同的业务需求,需要查询不同的表,根据具体的业务需求来动态减少数据表查询的工作就是延迟加载。

  • 在config.xml中开启延迟加载
<settings>
    <!-- 打印SQL-->
    <setting name="logImpl" value="STDOUT_LOGGING" />
    <!-- 开启延迟加载-->
    <setting name="lazyLoadingEnabled" value="true"/>
</settings>
  • 将多表关联查询拆分成多个单表查询

StudentRepository

public Student findByIdLazy(long id);

StudentRepository.xml

<resultMap id="studentMapLazy" type="com.janeroad.entity.Student">
    <id column="id" property="id"></id>
    <result column="name" property="name"></result>
    <association property="classes" javaType="com.janeroad.entity.Classes"
    select="com.janeroad.repository.ClassesRepository.findByIdLazy" column="cid"></association>
</resultMap>

<select id="findByIdLazy" parameterType="long" resultMap="studentMapLazy">
    select * from student where id =#{id}
</select>

ClassesRepository

public Classes findByIdLazy(long id);

ClassesRepository.xml

<select id="findByIdLazy" parameterType="long" resultType="com.janeroad.entity.Classes">
select * from classes where id=#{id}
</select>

MyBatis缓存

  • 什么是MyBatis缓存

使用缓存可以减少Java应用与数据库的交互次数,从而提升程序的运行效率。比如查询出id=1的对象,第一次查询出之后会自动将该对象将保存到缓存中,当下一次查询时,直接从缓存中取出对象即可,无需再次访问数据库

  • MyBatis缓存分类

1、一级缓存:Sqlsession级别,默认开启,并且不能关闭。

操作数据库时需要创建SqlSession对象,在对象中有一个HashMap用于存储缓存数据,不同的SqlSession之间缓存数据区域是互不影响的。

一级缓存的作用域是SqlSession范围的,当在同一个SqlSession中执行两次相同的SQL语句时,第一次执行完毕会将结果保存到缓存中,第二次查询时直接从缓存中获取。

需要注意的是,如果SqlSession执行了DML操作(insert、update、delete),MyBatis必须将缓存清空以保证数据的准确性。

2、二级缓存:Mapper级别,默认关闭,可以开启。

使用二级缓存时,多个SqlSession使用同一个Mapper的SQL语句操作数据库,得到的数据会存在二级缓存区,同样是使用HashMap进行数据存储,相比较于一级缓存,二级缓存的范围更大,多个SqlSession可以共用二级缓存,二级缓存是跨SqlSession的。

二级缓存是多个SqlSession共享的,其作用域是Mapper的同一个namespace,不同的SqlSession两次执行相同的namespace下的SQL语句,参数也相等,则第一次执行成功之后会将数据保存到二级缓存中,第二次可直接从二级缓存中取出数据

代码

  • 一级缓存
package com.janeroad.test;


import com.janeroad.entity.Account;
import com.janeroad.repository.AccountRepository;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSession;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactory;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactoryBuilder;

import java.io.InputStream;

public class Test4 {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        InputStream inputStream=Test.class.getClassLoader().getResourceAsStream("config.xml");
        SqlSessionFactoryBuilder sqlSessionFactoryBuilder=new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder();
        SqlSessionFactory sqlSessionFactory=sqlSessionFactoryBuilder.build(inputStream);
        SqlSession sqlSession=sqlSessionFactory.openSession();
        AccountRepository accountRepository=sqlSession.getMapper(AccountRepository.class);
        //验证一级缓存
        Account account=accountRepository.findById(1L);
        System.out.println(account);

        Account account1=accountRepository.findById(1L);
        System.out.println(account1);
        //如果关闭SqlSession则会抛出异常关闭后必须重新创建一个,sql语句就无法再从缓存中读取,sql语句会执行两次
//        sqlSession.close();
//        sqlSession=sqlSessionFactory.openSession();
//        accountRepository=sqlSession.getMapper(AccountRepository.class);
//        Account account1=accountRepository.findById(1L);
//        System.out.println(account1);
    }
}

  • 二级缓存

1、MyBatis自带的二级缓存

  • config.xml中配置开启二级缓存
<settings>
    <!-- 打印SQL-->
    <setting name="logImpl" value="STDOUT_LOGGING" />
    <!-- 开启延迟加载-->
    <setting name="lazyLoadingEnabled" value="true"/>
    <!-- 开启二级缓存-->
    <setting name="cacheEnabled" value="true"/>
</settings>
  • Mapper.xml中配置二级缓存
 <cache></cache>
  • 实体类实现序列化接口
package com.janeroad.entity;
import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;

import java.io.Serializable;

@Data
@AllArgsConstructor
@NoArgsConstructor
public class Account implements Serializable {
    private long id;
    private String username;
    private String password;
    private int age;
}

2、ehcache 二级缓存

  • pom.xml添加相关依赖
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
    <artifactId>mybatis-ehcache</artifactId>
    <version>1.0.0</version>
</dependency>

<dependency>
    <groupId>net.sf.ehcache</groupId>
    <artifactId>ehcache-core</artifactId>
    <version>2.4.3</version>
</dependency>
  • 添加ehcache.xml
<ehcache xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"  
     xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="../config/ehcache.xsd">  
<diskStore/>    
<defaultCache    
        maxElementsInMemory="1000"        
        maxElementsOnDisk="10000000"   
        eternal="false"          
        overflowToDisk="false"     
        timeToIdleSeconds="120"  
        timeToLiveSeconds="120"   
        diskExpiryThreadIntervalSeconds="120"        
        memoryStoreEvictionPolicy="LRU">    
</defaultCache> 
</ehcache>
  • config.xml中配置开启二级缓存
<settings>
    <!-- 打印SQL-->
    <setting name="logImpl" value="STDOUT_LOGGING" />
    <!-- 开启延迟加载-->
    <setting name="lazyLoadingEnabled" value="true"/>
    <!-- 开启二级缓存-->
    <setting name="cacheEnabled" value="true"/>
</settings>
  • Mapper.xml中配置二级缓存
<cache type="org.mybatis.caches.ehcache.EhcacheCache">
    <!--缓存创建之后,最后一次访问缓存的时间至缓存失效的时间间隔 -->
    <property name="timeToIdleSeconds" value="3600"/>
    <!--缓存自创建时间起至失效的时间间隔 -->
    <property name="timeToLiveSeconds" value="3600"/>
    <!--缓存的回收策略,LRU 表示移除近期使用最少的对象 -->
    <property name="memoryStoreEvictionPolicy" value="LRU"/>
</cache>
  • 实体类不需要实现序列化接口
package com.janeroad.entity;
import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;

@Data
@AllArgsConstructor
@NoArgsConstructor
public class Account  {
    private long id;
    private String username;
    private String password;
    private int age;
}

MyBatis动态SQL

使用动态SQL可简化代码的开发,减少开发者的工作量,程序可以自动根据业务参数来决定SQL的组成

  • if标签
<select id="findByAccount" parameterType="com.janeroad.entity.Account" resultType="com.janeroad.entity.Account">
select * from t_account where
    <if test="id!=0">
            id = #{id}
    </if>
    <if test="username!=null">
            and username = #{username}
    </if>
    <if test="password!=null">
            and password = #{password}
    </if>
    <if test="age!=0">
            and age = #{age}
    </if>
</select>

if 标签可以自动根据表达式的结果来决定是否将对应的语句添加到SQL中,如果条件不成立则不添加,如果条件成立则添加。

  • where标签
<select id="findByAccount" parameterType="com.janeroad.entity.Account" resultType="com.janeroad.entity.Account">
select * from t_account
<where>
    <if test="id!=0">
        id = #{id}
    </if>
    <if test="username!=null">
        and username = #{username}
    </if>
    <if test="password!=null">
        and password = #{password}
    </if>
    <if test="age!=0">
        and age = #{age}
    </if>
</where>

</select>

where标签可以自动判断是否要删除语句块中的and关键字,如果检测到where直接跟and拼接,则自动删除and,通常情况下if和where结合起来使用

  • choose、when标签
<select id="findByAccount" parameterType="com.janeroad.entity.Account" resultType="com.janeroad.entity.Account">   
	select * from t_account    
	<where>     
		<choose>    
			<when test="id!=0">
				id = #{id}    
			</when>        
			<when test="username!=null">      
				username = #{username}        
			</when>         
			<when test="password!=null">         
				password = #{password}       
			</when>          
			<when test="age!=0">
				age = #{age}       
			</when>     
		</choose>  
	</where>
</select>
  • trim标签

trim标签中的prefix和suffix属性会被用于生成实际的SQL语句,会和标签内部的语句进行拼接,如果语句前后出现了prefixOverrides或suffixOverrides属性中指定的值,MyBatis框架会自动将其删除

<select id="findByAccount" parameterType="com.janeroad.entity.Account" resultType="com.janeroad.entity.Account">   
	select * from t_account  
    <trim prefix="where" prefixOverrides="and">      
    	<if test="id!=0">           
        	id = #{id}        
        </if>        
        <if test="username!=null">        
        	and username = #{username}  
        </if>       
        <if test="password!=null">  
        	and password = #{password}
        </if>      
        <if test="age!=0">    
        	and age = #{age}     
        </if>    
	</trim>
</select>
  • set标签

set标签用于update操作,会自动根据参数选择生成SQL语句(减少不必要的SQL赋值)

<update id="update" parameterType="com.janeroad.entity.Account">    
	update t_account    
	<set>        
		<if test="username!=null">         
			username = #{username},
   	    </if>    
    	<if test="password!=null">           
    		password = #{password},     
    	</if>    
    	<if test="age!=0">    
            age = #{age}      
    	</if>    
    </set>  
    where id = #{id} 
</update>
  • foreach标签

foreach标签可以迭代生成一系列值,这个标签主要用于SQL的in语句

(等于一次调用多次的findById方法,调出数据,需要先在account实体类里定义一个Long类型的 ids集合,在通过account.setIds()方法赋值给ids集合 )

<select id="findByIds" parameterType="com.janeroad.entity.Account" resultType="com.janeroad.entity.Account">     
	select * from t_account     
	<where>         
		<foreach collection="ids" open="id in (" close=")" item="id" 
separator=",">         
			#{id}         
		</foreach>   
	</where> 
</select>

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